Organisations should set up data governance frameworks, monitor for algorithmic fairness and be ready to add or remove data on different groups in order to eliminate bias in the use of artificial intelligence.
These are just three of the measures included in new draft guidance on the AI auditing framework for which the Information Commissioner’s Office has launched a consultation. The guidance contains advice for understanding data protection law in relation to AI and recommendations for organisational and technical measures to mitigate the risks.
It also provides a methodology to audit AI applications and ensure they process personal data fairly.
The ICO’s guidance follows growing concerns the ethics of using AI systems. The World Economic Forum recently confirmed its intention to develop global rules for AI and create an AI Council that will aim to find common ground on policy between nations on the potential of AI and other emerging technologies.
Meanwhile, the EU has published seven guidelines for the development and implementation of AI ethics as part of its AI strategy, which is targeting investment of €20bn in the technology annually over the next decade.
The ICO guidance investigates the factors behind possible bias in AI, and sets out a number of steps aimed at mitigating the risk. Some of these are preventative; others are focused on detection.
The guidance also includes proposals to ensure lawfulness, fairness and transparency, assessing security and data minimisation, and enabling individual rights in AI systems.
The ICO said it is looking for feedback from technology specialists, data protection officers, general counsel and risk managers through an online survey.
In a statement, the regulator said: “This is the first piece of guidance published by the ICO that has a broad focus on the management of several different risks arising from AI systems as well as governance and accountability measures. It is essential for the guidance to be both conceptually sound and applicable to real life situations as it will shape how the ICO will regulate in this space. This is why feedback from those developing and implementing these systems is essential.”
The consultation ends on 1st April.